History 101 for 12/28/12
1869: Chewing Gum was patented by William F. Semple of Mount Vernon, Ohio. That’s not the guy you see to the left. He’s referenced in the next item:
1945: Congress officially recognized the “Pledge of Allegiance” tot he U.S. Flag. They fiddled with it a bit along the way. The guy you see to the left is Francis Bellamy. He was a socialist minister who wrote it in 1892. Click “continue reading” to see more on the Pledge’s history
1973: Nixon signed the Endangered SPecies Act into law. We can eat bald eagles now right? mmmm
1975: Dallas won the NFC title over Minnesota with a 50 yard Staubach pass to Drew Pearson who was in a crowd at the goal line. Staubach said “You throw it and pray he catches it. I guess it’s sort of a Hail Mary pass.”
1983: in music history, at Marina Del Rey in California, this drummer drowned in the harbor! It was Dennis Wilson of the Beach Boys.
Now, for more on Francis Bellamy’s Pledge of Allegiance:
The Pledge of Allegiance was written in August 1892 by the socialist minister Francis Bellamy (1855-1931). It was originally published in The Youth’s Companion on September 8, 1892. Bellamy had hoped that the pledge would be used by citizens in any country.
In its original form it read:
“I pledge allegiance to my Flag and the Republic for which it stands, one nation, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.”
In 1923, the words, “the Flag of the United States of America” were added. At this time it read:
“I pledge allegiance to the Flag of the United States of America and to the Republic for which it stands, one nation, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.”
In 1954, in response to the Communist threat of the times, President Eisenhower encouraged Congress to add the words “under God,” creating the 31-word pledge we say today. Bellamy’s daughter objected to this alteration.